Monday, May 25, 2020

America Under The Constitution Of The United States Essay

Daniel Sanders Mr. Nelson AP US History 10/18/16 Founding a Nation, 1783-1789 - The founding of the new nation brought along much promise, however, it was going to be difficult for the United States to bring together its diverse population and keep control of its vast amounts of land while simultaneously trying to create a new nation. I. America Under the Constitution A. The Articles of Confederation 1. The first ratified Constitution of the United States was the Articles of Confederation, drafted by Congress in 1777 and ratified by the states four years later. a) The main idea of the Articles was to protect liberty, and therefore it turned out to be more of a treaty for mutual defense rather than a plan for a common government. b) The original form of government consisted of a one-house Congress, in which each state had one vote despite various populations. There was no president or judicial branch to balance out the power. (1) To pass a law, nine states were required rather than more than half. c) The only powers that were directly granted to the federal government were those directly linked to independence such as declaring war and foreign affairs. d) The amendment of the articles needed a unanimous vote by the states. The Articles were disbanded by 1788. e) The articles were only able to be ratified after the land-rich states gave over their claims to the central government. B. Congress and the West 1. Establishing rules for the establishment of colonies westwardShow MoreRelatedThe U.S. Constitution Essay1204 Words   |  5 PagesA constitution is a written document that sets forth the fundamental rules by which a society is governed. Throughout the course of history the United States has lived under two Constitutions since the British-American colonies declared their independence from Great Britain in 1776. First in line was the Articles of Confederation (1789-1789) followed by the Constitution of United States of America (1789-present). The Articles of Confederation was the first formal written Constitution of America thatRead MoreA comparison of the United States Constitution And The Declaration of Independence712 Words   |  3 PagesIntroduction The United States Constitution and The Declaration of Independence are two of America s most famous documents that laid the foundation for it s independence as a nation and separation from British rule. The following paper will compare these two documents and decipher the difference of the two. While both Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution contain important information regarding America s independence they are also different in many respects. DraftedRead MoreThe Trial : A Citizen With No Constitutional Rights907 Words   |  4 PagesCitizens in the United States of America with a democratic government, constitutional rights are guaranteed under the United States Constitution, which is the Supreme Law of The Land. â€Å"US Constitution†. Joseph K was arrested with no warning at his own place, government authorities ordered his arrest and trial without giving him any information about the arrest or the reason why he was arrested and the alleged crime committed was not mentioned. In the United States of America the 5th amendmentRead MoreThe Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution Of The United States1096 Words   |  5 Pagesthe first order of government established within the United States of America from March 1st, 1781 and lasted until March 4th, 1789. This written document established the functions of the national government of the United States after gaining independence from Great Britain. In order to not follow in the footsteps of Great Britain and become a tyranny, the Articles of Confederation declared that each state was independent and sovereign; each state had an absolute veto that essential provided undisputedRead MoreThe First Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836)902 Words   |  4 PagesThe first constitution of Texas adopted on March 1, 1836 opens with these words, â€Å"We, the people of Texas, in order to form a Government, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense and general welfare; and to secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution†. (â€Å"Constitution of Republic of Texas† pp. 9-25.) Created in 1836, the first Constitution of the Republic of Texas was bo rn. Fearful of attack byRead MoreGovernmental Foundation in the Declaration of Independence Essay867 Words   |  4 Pages On July 4, 1776, the United States of Americas Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This document, primarily written by Thomas Jefferson, announced that the thirteen colonies were declaring their independence and, in doing so, were independent states apart from the British Empire. The Declaration of Independence is comprised mainly of colonial grievances and assertions of human rights. The Declaration of Independence formed aRead MoreThe Articles Of Confederation And The Early Formation Of The United States933 Words   |  4 Pagesparties the early formation of the United States was full of turmoil and learning. The steps we have had to take may have caused many problems in the beginning and the loss of life. In the beginning of the United States we used the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of confederation were in no way a perfect answer to America in the beginning, but it was the starting point for the Constitution. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leavingRead MoreComparison Paper GOVT200679 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿The U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence are two of the oldest documents in America and two of the most popular. These documents help to shape America and gave us freedom from the British government. The two documents contains very important information about our independence but they are different in many ways. In this paper I will compare the two documents and incorporate an outlook from the Christian biblical worldview. The U.S Constitution and the Declaration of IndependenceRead MoreDemocracy in the 19th Century1373 Words   |  6 PagesDemocracy in the United States became prominent in the early to mid 19th century. Andrew Jackson, the 7th president of the United States, was inaugurated in 1829 and was best known as the person who mainstreamed democracy in America. Because he came from a humble background, he was the â€Å"genuine common man.† (Foner, pg. 303) He claimed he recognized the needs of the people and spoke on behalf of the majority [farmers, laborers]. However, critics of Jackson and democracy called him â€Å"King AndrewRead MoreThe Declaration Of Independence And The Constitution1668 Words   |  7 Pagesin the democracy of the United States of America. Upon examination of America’s most valuable texts, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, it becomes very evident that many of these modern ideas can be traced back in time to the beliefs of the Gr eeks and Romans. The principles of democracy were very successful within these ancient societies, as they are successful within America today. One of the biggest steps in building the democracy that America has to this day began with

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Class Placement of Students with ADD/ADHD - 1721 Words

Contemporary students with learning disabilities such as ADD/ADHD are continuously perceived as incompetent to adapt to a traditional classroom setting with students who have no learning disabilities. Consequently, many students with learning disabilities are placed in classrooms that are designated only for students with learning disabilities. Schools use a non-inclusive setting when students with learning impairments like ADD/ADHD are placed in a â€Å"special class† with other learning impairment students. This non-inclusive classroom placement causes many learning impaired students to do worse academically and socially than if they had been placed in an inclusive setting. By definition, ADD/ADHD students that are placed in an inclusive†¦show more content†¦According to research, female students with ADD/ADHD achieve more academically than male students with ADD/ADHD (Ribner 319-24). The effects of inclusion have different outcomes from the effects of non-inclusion . Over time, the positive effects of inclusion affect the ADD/ADHD student socially and academically. According to Baker, Wang, and Walberg, reports on the effects on inclusion are not high; however, they are positive. They concluded that students with special educational needs typically improve their performance in ordinary classrooms. â€Å"Considerable evidence from the last 15 years suggests that segregation of special students in separate classrooms is actually deleterious to their academic performance and social adjustment† (Baker, Wang, and Walberg 33-35). The learning impaired student is affected socially in the inclusive setting by cooperative learning and peer interaction. Cooperative learning techniques can be an excellent tool for promoting positive social interactions among students (Sosin and Sosin 53-58). Another positive impact inclusion has on the ADD/ADHD student is the increase of self-esteem, which results from the interaction of a variety of students in a traditional classroom setting. Therefore, with increased peer interaction, ADD/ADHD students have a higher opportunity of being accepted among their peers (Beltempo and Achille 81). The learning impaired student is affected academically in the inclusive setting. TheShow MoreRelatedEssay about Students With ADD/ADHD and Class Placement1218 Words   |  5 PagesContemporary students with learning-disabilities such as ADD/ADHD are continuously perceived as incompetent to adapt in an ordinary classroom setting with other students without learning-disabilities. Consequently, many students with learning disabilities are placed in classrooms that are designated only for students with learning disabilities. It is because of this classroom placement problem that many learning-impaired students are doing worse academically and socially in a non-inclusive settingRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )1694 Words   |  7 PagesAround the world there about 6.4 million children aged 4 to 17 have been diagnosed with ADHD at some point in their lives, with the percentage rising 5% percent every year. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity). With so many children being diagnosed some researchersRead MoreADHD And Odd Case Study893 Words   |  4 PagesThe main focus of the field placement was on student behaviour in the classroom and how students with disabilities may cause distractions to the class for several reasons. Evidently, the relationship between ADHD and ODD contribute to a student’s inability to be on-task and demonstrate antisocial behaviour (Matthys and Lochman, 2017, p.3; Hamilton and Armando, p.864). The implications of ODD on the student’s education are significant due to the student’s reaction to positive behavioural managementRead More Why Teachers Should Understand ADHD Essays2015 Words   |  9 PagesDeficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder [ ADD/ADHD]? Some feel it is a neurobiological disorder while others say it is a learning disorder. Ever since 1980 when the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders officially recognized ADD/ADHD as a behavior disorder, the definition has kept evolving and changing. But ADD/ADHD has been around a lot longer than twenty-three years. Some in the medical professions believe â€Å"ADHD is a common mental disorder and has been recognized inRead MoreTeaching Students With Different Levels Of Academic Talents862 Words   |  4 PagesTeaching students with different levels of academic talents can be a very difficult task because there are students who can be really smart and others who are really challenged in the classroom. To be a â€Å"poster teacher† for teaching academically diverse students is a great honor. You have to be able to challenge the gifted students as well as help to educated the students who are struggling. They have to learn how to ask the correct questions instead of questions that are demeaning. They haveRead MoreMy First Day Of Student Teaching981 Words   |  4 Pagesfirst day of student teaching at Carl Renton Jr. High in New Boston was nerve wrecking. I’ll be completely honest that I was scared and had trouble sleeping the night before. I wasn’t sure what to expect of the students or staff. I had a hard time finding a placement and this was a last minute placement right before Christmas break. I had only met the teacher Mrs. Potts one time and didn’t really know her either. I am also in a general education classroom, and a lot of my pre student teaching experiencesRead MoreAssesing the Curriculum for Special Education2198 Words   |  9 Pageshyperactivity disorder or ADHD, who often experience poor academic performance, behavior problems, and difficulties with social interaction. The situation can be further complicated by the fact that there is no typical, predictable classroom style common to all children with special needs, for that matter. It can also be hard for parents to tell how much of any problem identified by a teacher falls into the normal range of a child development, for example how much is due to ADHD, and how much is due toRead MoreEssay about How School Systems Deal With ADD and ADHD1407 Words   |  6 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;29 May 03 Research Paper How the Barstow Unified School District Deals with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) And Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) I believe that children are our future Teach them well and let them lead the way Show them all the beauty they possess inside Give them a sense of pride to make it easier Let the children’s laughterRead MoreFactors That Affect Children With Learning Disabilities Essay1783 Words   |  8 PagesDisorder (ADD, ADHD) and Dyslexia. Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder is classified as a behavioral disorder characterized by excessive inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. Often, ADHD is confused with the overactive, whimsical nature of a young child, running around aimlessly and do things their own way. For that reason, it is said that ADHD is over-diagnosed. Nowadays, many parents are quick to assume that their child is suffering from some type of attentive disability such as ADD or ADHDRead MoreEssay on Section 504 and The Americans with Disabilities Act951 Words   |  4 Pagesfederal financial assistance. The foundation of the Section 504 is from the language of preceding civil rights laws that sheltered women and minorities. Section recognizes that history proves that humanity has treated people with disabilities as second-class citizens based on previous stereotypes. These types of attitudes have translated into policies based on paternalism. Section has acknowledged the discrimination of many c hildren and adults. Senator Hubert Humphrey, who supported the Section, has said

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cruel Methods Of Animal Testing - 2812 Words

Why do U.S companies still use cruel methods of animal testing despite The Animal Welfare Act of 1966? Millions of animals are used in painful experimentation yearly. Animals such as rabbits, dogs, cats, guinea pigs and monkeys are used in extreme testing for drugs, cosmetic and household products.( In the United States, no matter how cruel, pointless or painful an experiment is, it is always legal. The usage of animals in research goes way back to the early 1900’s when many tragic incidents on humans began taking place with untested products. Scientists believed that in order for products to be safe, it must be tested on an animal first before going out to the public, however, not all tests were reliable. Due to the outcomes of untested products in the 1900’s in the U.S., testing on animals became a more efficient way to ensure safety amongst its consumers. Historical Context From as early as 1937, untested products were sold to the public causing the death of more than hundred people. This product was a cough syrup which was supposed to heal anyone from a cold but instead, it contained toxins which ended up killing many. Since products as strong as drugs, cosmetics and house products contain such strong chemical ingredients, U.S. congress passed the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act in 1938 after incidents including untested products came into the picture. The FFDCA is a set of laws that provide the safety in food, medicine andShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Animal Cruelty1691 Words   |  7 PagesAnimal cruelty has become a problem, it is causing harm to the animals lives. Animal Cruelty is the suffering of an animal, whether it is caused on purpose or not. There are other things that are cruel to animals, such as the testing of animals. These animals have no protection by law, which means they can be used for any testing. This is unacceptable, unfair , and cruel that these animals have to be used in testing. Animals are just as important as humans. Their are those who believe that it is okayRead MoreAnimal Welfare Campaign Should Be Banned1185 Words   |  5 PagesEvery year, over billions of innocent animals, are dying, poisoned, and killed as a result of million experiments that are tested on them. These new experiments are not hundred percent guaranteed. However, these experiences may work with animals and give positive results, but when it tests back on the human, it gives the opposite results. The animal welfare campaign finds that testing new products on animals is an inhuman and a cruel thing and it should be stopped. So, they start making attacks aroundRead MoreAnimal Testing Is Not All Humane And Pain Free1130 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the united states for scientific and commercial testing† ( We are rapidly using up the earth’s supply o f small animals. â€Å"A 2011 poll of nearly 1,000 biomedical scientists conducted by the science journal Nature found that more than 90% agreed that the use of animals in research is essential ( Right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked up in cages and are getting killed for scientificRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be A Thing Of The Past Essay1567 Words   |  7 PagesAnimal testing should be a thing of the past. Imagine this, scientists injecting a certain chemical to an innocent animal to test, so that product can be safe for human utilization. Now, this chemical will have a mercurial effect on that animal, it will either comply with it or succumb to the chemical and causing various side effects; could even lead to death. This is the sad and cruel reality animals in labs are facing. Over the years, scientists from all over the globe have conducted tedious experimentsRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned1136 Words   |  5 PagesAnimal experimentation is not the most accurate testing, just because some medicine and cosmetic product pass an animal test it doesn’t mean it has a beneficial effect on humans. Animal tests have evolved in many ways throughout history in negative and positive ways. A strong negative being that we are different from animals but not just animals we are also different from each other. There are many arguments that we humans wouldn’t be where we are today if it wasn’t for reliance on animal testingRead MoreShould Animal Testing Be Banned?844 Words   |  3 PagesShould animal testing be banned? Nowadays, a lot of animals has been tested on a range of experiments over the world. You could be supporting animal teasing cruelty without knowing it. Have you ever check if there’s animal testing on the cosmetics before you buy it? Today, a lot of cosmetics has been testing on helpless animals and there are about 1.4 million animals die each year from animal testing ( CatalanoJ, 1994). Most of the experiments that are completed in the laboratories are very cruelRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned1721 Words   |  7 Pages † Today, more animals are being used in experiments than ever before: around 100 million in the United States alone† (3). Animal testing is now an international issue, and it is becoming a major story. Currently, animals are often used in medical testing, make-up testing, and other consumer product testing. Animals used in such product testing are often abused and suffer from serious side-effects. Animal testing can be painful for the animals, testing results are usually not even useable forRead MoreThe Use Of Research On Cosmetics And Its Effects On Society1604 Words   |  7 PagesBlinded by Beauty On average, 26 million animals are used every year for the use of research on cosmetics. These tests should be banned for many obvious reasons such as it is clearly cruel and inhumane, they cost more than alternative methods, and they do not predict an accurate result due to the anatomical differences. Animals are being unfairly tortured and killed for research on ingredients that people are unknowingly using in their everyday lives. Here’s an important question to consider;Read MoreMedical Testing on Animals is Considered Animal Cruelty Essay1020 Words   |  5 PagesResearch on living animals has been practiced since at least 500 BC. Over 25 million animals are tested in labs every year. They are used for medical and scientific research. The animals used in research often undergo cruel experimentations and suffer through the pain. During medical testing, less than 2% of human illnesses are seen in animals, therefor medical testing on animals is cruel and pointless. Med ical testing on animals should be illegal because products that pass animal tests end up harmingRead MorePersuasive Essay On Animal Testing704 Words   |  3 PagesAnimal testing has been a around since 384 BC. â€Å"Some testing methods require the animal to; die, be exposed to radiation, remove or expose organs, or subject animals to trauma to create depression and/or anxiety.† (â€Å"THE LEADING SOURCE FOR PROS CONS OF CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES†) Animal tests and human results only coordinate about 5- 25% of the time. Not only is it inhumane, but it isnt even all that reliable. Not to mention, it`s an insufficient waste of government money. Yes it has helped us in vaccine

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Internal and External Business Function-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the internal and external business functioning which would be required to implement to start up new Construction Business. Answer: Introduction In this report, study has been conducted to evaluate the internal and external business functioning which would be required to implement to start up new construction business. The new construction business company name would be ABDOCAK construction private limited. It is a limited liability partnership company which is incorporated with a view to earn profit and satisfy clients demand and need. This report reflects the key understanding on the opportunities, threats and other concerns which an entrepreneur face while running construction business in Australia. Organizational structure ABDOCAK construction private limited is start up business in which only 10 members are making joint efforts to accomplish set objectives and goals. Company has followed proper centralised functioning in which all the decisions and strategies will be formulated by promoters and key managerial persons. However, employees who are indulged in labour activities will be accustomed to act as per the directions and instructions given by line managers. It is further observed that if top management department will indulged in formulating the strategies and implementation work will be done by the other line managers and managers of functional department. However, company has planned to enhance its value chain activities within 5 years by decentralised functioning (Brush, Greene, Hart, 2011). Vision ABDOCAK construction private limited is has vision to successfully delivering projects across Australia. Mission It has mission to customize its value chain activities as per the wants and needs of clients in market. External and internal environmental forces Company has environmental forces which provide various threats to organizations. However, with the increasing ramification of economic changes and increasing demand of clients, company has been coming up with different strategic planning and methods such as customizing its plots and construction as per the clients demand and needs (Cooke Williams, 2013). In addition to this, Australian government has increased tariff and traits on the constructions works which not only increase the overall cost of constructions but also reduce the overall profit of company. Nonetheless, the major problem in construction work is related to hiring talented architect in Australia. Company has started up its new business and for the better and effective quality of servicers company has to take assistance from the experienced architect who could provide their best professional services to other employees in the organization. In addition to this, there are several rules and regulations such as workmen com pensation act, provisions and laws of real estate act and other corporate laws which should be complied by the company otherwise it may result to heavy imposition of penalties on the company (Bryman, Bell, 2015). Nonetheless, other issue which ABDOCAK construction private limited could face is related to management of finance. It is true to say that company has to manage its sources of finance with a view to reduce the overall cost of capital of company (Sakas, Vlachos Nasiopoulos, 2014). For instance, ABDOCAK construction private limited could raise its finance from various sources such as issue of initial public offer, debts funds and private equity funds. Management department should implement capital budgeting tool to reduce the overall cost of capital of company. However, external business environment forces could be evaluated on the basis of PESTLE analysis. Political Political situation in Australia is very stable. It will enable company to come up with effective investment strategies and on the basis of stable political factors. However, company could make strategic alliance with other organizations for enhancing its value chain activities in Australia in real estate construction business. Environmental This factors provide that economic conditions and other applicable environmental laws and regulations. ABDOCAK construction private limited needs to evaluate the level of carbon emission and other hazardous substance should be in accordance with the applicable carbon emission acts (Mller Parvinen, 2015). Social It is related with the value, belief, culture and other choices of people living in Australia. People in Australia are less inclined towards associated cost of construction services and give more weightage to quality of constructions services. ABDOCAK construction private limited needs to provide best quality of constructions services to Australian people with a view to increase the overall market share (David, 2011) Legal This provides the applicable laws and regulations which needs to be complied by ABDOCAK construction private limited to run its business effectively. However, the penalties imposed due to non-compliance of applicable law may increase the overall construction cost of ABDOCAK construction private limited. There are several acts such as workmen compensation act, provisions and laws of real estate act and other corporate laws (Coates, 2016). Economical This factor will provide the purchasing power, interest parity rate and gross domestic product rate of Australia. It is evaluated that people in Australia has high purchasing power and more inclined towards availing quality of construction services. Therefore, company has to manage its business functioning in such a manner which will meet all the expectation of clients in Australia. Risk that will faced by ABDOCAK construction private There are several risk which will be faced by ABDOCAK construction private while running its construction business in Australia such as arrangement of finance, complexity of business, increased overall cost burden, fault in complying with the applicable rules and regulation of real estate act. In addition to this, if company fails to hire professional employees, architect and other labour then it will destruct the planned business strategies and result to failure to provide best quality services to clients. Another risk which ABDOCAK construction private could face is related to high competition from the rivals. If company fails to deliver its promise with the given time manner then it will not only destruct the brand image of company but also increase the overall cost of construction. There are several rivals such ADCO construction and Faltosy construction who are providing best possible construction services in Australia with a view to increase the their overall market share. It is further observed that if ABDOCAK construction private customized its construction services as per the demand and needs of clients then it will surely increase the overall turnover and profit. Business practice of company There are several business rivals in construction business such as ADCO construction and Faltosy construction who are following standard business practice in Australia. However, ABDOCAK construction private company needs to enter into strategic alliance with other business partners in Australia. This level of business practice will not only improve the business performance of company but also increase the overall brand image. However, company might face problem of finance arrangement for making payment of consideration for the strategic alliance. This level of strategic alliance will increase the overall productivity and quality of constructions services in Australia. Nonetheless, if company could also use other strategies such as SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis and implement new SMART strategic functioning in its business practice to increase the effectiveness of business performance. However, people in Australia are more inclined towards constructing their own houses, apartment and building as per their choices and expectation. Therefore, ABDOCAK construction private company should make its value chain activities customized as per the clients needs and demand in Australian market. Now in the end, it could be inferred that company should adopt following business practice such as customization of its construction services, implementation of new strategic plans and procedure, entering into strategic alliance with organizations and providing best quality of services at cheapest price to clients in Australia. Important functions within ABDOCAK construction private company The main important functions of ABDOCAK construction private is related to strategic planning of management department, hiring of experienced employees and architect, customization of value chain activities and investment of highly sophisticated machines and plants. If company could install highly developed machines then it will surely increase the efficiency of business and reduce the hard work of labours in construction process system. In addition to this, strategic alliance with other organizations may provide pool of talented employees, machines and set process system which could enhance the quality of constructions services provided by ABDOCAK construction private company to its clients (Horkoff, et al. 2014).In addition to this, use of high technology machines and experienced staffs in architecture work may also increase the quality of work and brand image of company. It could be used by company as important market factor in the promotional plan of company. Conclusion Now in the end, it could be inferred that if company could customized business functioning as per the clients needs and demand in Australia then it will surely increase the overall turnover and brand image of company. ABDOCAK construction private company needs to implement all of its strategic plans in systematic manner after evaluating all the internal and external factors. However, business practice such as customization of its construction services, implementation of new strategic plans and procedure, entering into strategic alliance with organizations and providing best quality of services at cheapest price to clients in Australia will surely result to companys overall all performance. References Brush, C. G., Greene, P. G., Hart, M. M. (2011). From initial idea to unique advantage: The entrepreneurial challenge of constructing a resource base.The academy of management executive,15(1), 64-78. Bryman, A., Bell, E. (2015).Business research methods. Oxford University Press, USA. Coates, J. F. (2016). Scenario planning.Technological forecasting and social change,113, 99-102. Cooke, B., Williams, P. (2013).Construction planning, programming and control. John Wiley Sons. David, F.R., 2011.Strategic management: Concepts and cases. Peaeson/Prentice Hall. Horkoff, J., Barone, D., Jiang, L., Yu, E., Amyot, D., Borgida, A., Mylopoulos, J. (2014). Strategic business modeling: representation and reasoning.Software Systems Modeling,13(3), 1015-1041. Mller, K., Parvinen, P. (2015). An impact-oriented implementation approach in business marketing research: Introduction to the Special Issue on Implementing Strategies and Theories of B2B Marketing and Sales Management.Industrial Marketing Management,45, 3-11. Sakas, D., Vlachos, D., Nasiopoulos, D. (2014). Modelling strategic management for the development of competitive advantage, based on technology.Journal of Systems and Information Technology,16(3), 187-209

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Wikang Filipino free essay sample

In the Philippines poverty and pervasive malnutrition are not limited to families of deprived seasonal workers. Undernourishment is endemic and increasing throughout most of this archipelago of some 7100 islands, and is compounded by the prevalence of intestinal parasites and gastrointestinal diseases which health workers estimate deprive youngsters of at least 5-10% of the nutritional value in food they do consume. This problem is particularly prevalent in rural villages and city slums where many people eat with their fingers. According to the Philippine Ministry of Health, nearly 1/2 of all reported deaths are among infants and children through age 4, and about 1/2 of the accelerated death rate among those age 5 and younger is related to malnutrition, compounded by diarrhea, measles, and malaria which is returning to areas where it once was almost eradicated. 3 factors critically affect a newborns survival prospects: the family size he or she is born into; the time or spacing between the mothers pregnancies; and the childs birth order. We will write a custom essay sample on Wikang Filipino or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Evidence indicates that, during the 1970s, as US aid and other family planning assistance became available, they were used most among families in the 2 highest income classes, where reduction of family size is under way. Poverty is the most fundamental cause of malnutrition, although many other factors contribute. Land reform has brought security of tenure and increasingly is transferring ownership of fields to former tenants of rice and corn lands. For the former tenants enhanced security brings greater income and better eating for the farm families retain more of the crop. The undernourished and truly poor of the Philippines number about 1/2 of the population. Although dispersed throughout most of the archipelago, there are important regional differences. These related to marked geographic patterns that affect fertility of the soil, length of the dry season, fortunes of predominant crops, vulnerability to destructive typhoons, chronic warfare and other endemic lawlessness, major debilitating diseases, and especially population pressure. Malnutrition is not a hidden problem. The government, almost since the proclamation of 1972 martial law, has campaigned against malnutrition. During the 1970s, the government developed a major program of expanded production with the result that rice production expanded substantially. Even this achievement leaves the average Filipino short by 300 calories of food intake per day. It is not jiggering with food aid or government price incentives that will assure that future Filipinos will have enough to eat. Only a productive revolution of rural life that also educates mothers to know what makes for sound family nutrition will be adequate. MANILA, PHILIPPINES (22 August 2005) A lack of basic vitamins and micronutrients in the diet is damaging the health of one third of the worlds population and hampering economic development, according to a recent joint report from the United Nations Childrens Fund and the Micronutrient Initiative (MI). Simple iron deficiency in Indonesia reduces gross domestic product by some 0. 5% each year ($485 million) through lost productivity, as estimated in 2003s Global Assessment Report on Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies. Yet food fortification offers a low-cost method for facing the problem, and ought to be the first public-policy choice for delivering nutrition improvement programs and lowering clinical malnutrition. With food fortification strategies supported and maintained through market-based systems, governments can focus the delivery of food supplements, nutrition services, and dietary education to disadvantaged populations with limited access to fortified food. A Simple and Cheap Technology Fortifying flour, salt, and oil, for example, offers an effective and inexpensive way to get essential vitamins and minerals into food for low-income and at-risk populations. The technology is simple, the product quality is unaffected, and the incremental price is low. Salt can be iodized, for example, for as little as five cents per person, per year. Using food fortification to reduce micronutrient deficiencies helps strengthen economies by lowering health care costs and increasing worker productivity. It also improves childrens cognitive development, further elping expand and sustain economic development. Access to fortified food, however, is often limited because of low purchasing power and underdeveloped distribution channels. Control of micronutrient deficiencies through food fortification, nonetheless, is gaining international attention. For example, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) funded primarily by the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation, bilateral donors, and the MI provides resources to alliances of governments, industry, and civil society to implement large-scale food fortification programs that reach low-income populations. The Copenhagen Consensus, which addresses some of the biggest challenges facing the world, and assesses development opportunities and their costs, rated food fortification with micronutrients as the most successful intervention to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia, and iodine and vitamin A deficiencies. Lack of iron not only has an influence on fetal and childhood development, but also has a direct negative effect on the productivity of adults. Iodine deficiency in childhood reduces brain development, and vitamin A deficiency can permanently damage eyesight or even cause blindness. Fortification: A National Challenge To be successful, national fortification programs must be sustainable and market driven, and governments must back them up with adequate regulations, standards, and public education. International experience shows that government policy, standards, and regulations are critical to establishing an environment that enables the private food sector to invest, produce, and distribute quality, fortified products. Government is key to creating producer awareness, building consumer demand, and shaping the marketplace with clear regulations and transparent regulatory enforcement procedures. Food control and monitoring systems for fortified flour, salt, and other foods require technical and managerial capacity as well as coordination among government agencies charged with regulating domestic and imported food. There is also a need to strengthen food control and monitoring systems for fortified food at the market and household levels. New Approaches in Indonesia Vitamin A deficiency, iodine deficiency disorders, and iron deficiency anemia are common problems in Indonesia. These micronutrient deficiencies contribute to disease, mortality, growth retardation, brain damage, and reduced cognitive and working capacity among children and adults. That puts a severe strain on education and health systems, lowers productivity, and raises levels of sustained poverty. In urban slum areas, the prevalence of underweight children is especially high, and anemia rates among young children remain alarmingly high. More than half the children under 5 years of age are vitamin A deficient. A recent study showed that consumption of palm oil by poor families was sufficient to deliver 30% of the recommended daily allowance for vitamin A, suggesting that vitamin A fortification of palm oil presents a promising opportunity to reduce the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency. While iron supplementation is widely implemented to treat and prevent iron deficiency anemia in adults, realistic alternatives for young children remain very limited. Therefore, in-home fortification with multimicronutrient fortificants, which are also called sprinkles, is a new option to address iron deficiency anemia in young children. It consists of microencapsulated iron and other essential micronutrients to treat and prevent iron and other deficiencies in infants and young children. The encapsulation is a thin lipid (vegetable fat) coating that prevents the iron from dissolving into the weaning food, thus, preventing any change in color, flavor, and taste of food. Multimicronutrient fortificants can be added to complementary food to reduce vitamin A deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in children 6-59 months of age. Sprinkles have proved effective in Benin, Peoples Republic of China, Ghana, India, and Mongolia. Although the product is not yet commercially available, sprinkles may promise an alternative for Indonesian children who suffer micronutrient deficiencies. To combat malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific region, ADB has provided technical assistance on nutrition and food fortification to 16 developing member countries since 1996. In addition, two grant projects launched since 2001 and funded through the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) aim to promote sustainable food fortification programs in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. To address the alarming rates of micronutrient deficiencies in Southeast Asia, ADB has launched its first food fortification project for Indonesia, with $1. 75 million financed through the JFPR. The grant project pilots palm oil fortification with vitamin A and assesses the technical feasibility to locally produce multimicronutrient fortificants. It is estimated that about 70% of the population, particularly the poor, could be reached if palm oil is fortified with vitamin A. The oil fortification technology is uncomplicated and widespread. The project also aims to establish public-private partnerships for marketing and distributing sprinkles. About ADBThe Philippines is already experiencing over-population. Our country is one of the most over-populated country. It is the 12th most over-populated country in the whole world. Many of the people here in the Philippines, especially teenagers, are engaged in prostitution and pre-marital sex, which is two of the most common causes of over-population. Over-population is existing and increasing because also of poverty. Many of the female teenagers nowadays tend to sell themselves just for money, so that they will be able to have something for their expenses, and in some cases, for their school fees and/or their families. In fact, because of these things Philippines is also starting to suffer from some diseases, such as, AIDS, STD, HIV, and also malnutrition only common to some parts or provinces of the Philippines.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Ducts and Dukes Lead the Way

Ducts and Dukes Lead the Way Ducts and Dukes Lead the Way Ducts and Dukes Lead the Way By Mark Nichol The Latin verb ducere, meaning â€Å"lead,† is the basis of many English words pertaining to action, development, and movement. This post lists and defines these words. To abduct (literally, â€Å"lead away†) is to kidnap or seize someone; one who does so is an abductor, and the action is called abduction. Abduce is a synonym for the medical sense of the word; abduce and abduct both describe drawing a body part away from another. (Abductor is used as a noun in this sense as well.) To adduce (literally, â€Å"lead to†), by contrast, is to draw a body part toward the axis of a limb or the center of the body. It also means â€Å"provide an example, proof, or reason to support a proposition.† (Abduction and adductor are the noun forms, and abducent and adducent are the adjectives.) A duct is a channel or a conduit; aqueduct literally means â€Å"water channel.† (Duct tape, sometimes, as a result of a mishearing, called â€Å"duck tape,† is so named because it was developed for repairing ducts.) Something that is ductile is capable of being beaten thin, bent, or pulled (as in the case of certain metals), of being formed anew (as in the case of other malleable materials), or of being easily influenced or lead (as in the case of people). To conduct is to lead to a particular result, though conduce is sometimes used for this meaning. Something that leads is a conductor, as in the case of a substance that carries heat or another form of energy or a person who is the head of an orchestra or an official on a train. The act is conducting in the sense of carrying energy is called conduction. To deduce is to figure out by reasoning or to trace; a deduction is the result. Deduct is synonymous with deduce, but it also means â€Å"subtract.† Induce and introduce both mean â€Å"lead into,† but the former pertains to influence, persuasion, or persuasion, or to forming or producing. (In the sense of producing an electrical current, the verb form is induct.) Introduction, by contrast, refers to the act of presenting, especially for the first time, or to inserting or instituting something. To produce is to develop; something produced is a product, although produce is employed to refer to fruits and vegetables; production is distinguished from product in that it refers to the creation of goods or of artistic works. To reduce is to diminish the amount of something, and to seduce is to literally lead away or astray, either in a physical, sexual sense or in the figurative sense of â€Å"persuade.† Less common words derived from ducere include circumduction (â€Å"circular movement of an extremity or limb†), subduction (â€Å"movement of the edge of one tectonic plate below another†), traduction (â€Å"defamation,† although it also has senses pertaining to logic and rhetoric), and transduction (â€Å"transfer of energy or information†). Words that may not be immediately apparent as belonging in the ducere family include educate (literally, â€Å"lead out†); someone who educates, or teaches or trains, is an educator, and the act of teaching or training is education. (The adjectival form is educational.) Another is douche, which came to English from French by way of an Italian word for â€Å"spray† and as both a noun and a verb refers to vaginal cleansing. Duke, meanwhile, stems from the Latin word for â€Å"leader† and referred originally to a prince and later to a high-ranking nobleman. The adjectival form is ducal, the domain of a duke is a dukedom, and the wife of a duke is a duchess. (The verb and noun dock may also derive from ducere, although it may have a Germanic origin.) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:"Because Of" and "Due To" 50 Idioms About Arms, Hands, and Fingers40 Words Beginning with "Para-"

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Collage Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Collage - Essay Example Then I thought that since I really cannot run away from my circumstances, I might as well face everything. I braved myself and approached strangers for directions whenever I needed to go to a new place. It felt so good to finally overcome my fears and simply be like everybody else. I felt then that I really belonged to my new environment. Life became more bearable as I learned to deal with other people. I gained new acquaintances who have been very helpful to me as I adjusted to the American lifestyle. I noticed that there are a lot of foreign students in school. Instead of befriending them, I shied away because I thought that they might have their own friends. Moreover, they might not really be interested in me. Unexpectedly, an American stranger spoke to me, talking about everyday things such as difficulties, struggles accompanied by many good things as well that might simply happen to anybody. She somehow influenced me to change my perspective about new environments. I will be forever grateful to that young woman. We may have talked for just a few minutes but her gesture of taking the first move to really make me feel comfortable was just reassuring. Now, I have befriended some students because of that incident. I did not feel out of place anymore but I have discovered that people are actually accommodating here. Things have been going quite well in school. I gained a few friends and I find the classes interesting. However, I always fear examinations because they will show how I am performing in class. It is not that I am afraid of the results. What I am more afraid of is how my mother would react to my grades if I fail. You see, Chinese mothers have always been known to demand high performances from their children especially if they are successful in their own fields. Chinese parents always regard the success of their children as a reflection of their own accomplishments so they work hard to make their kids work even harder. In my case,